Is There Only one Blockchain?

Is there only one blockchain? No, there is not just one blockchain.

There are already at least 1,000 blockchains and 4 types of blockchain networks (public, private, hybrid and consortia). Although the main goal of blockchain is to facilitate a single data transfer, there are several platforms available in the field. Today there are more than 10,000 other cryptocurrencies that run on blockchain. It turns out that blockchain is a reliable way to store the related data of other types of transactions as well.

What is a blockchain?

A blockchain is a distributed data structure that functions as a digital ledger of transactions. It consists of a series of “blocks” linked together in a “chain.” Each block contains information about transactions made, and once a block has been added to the chain, the information within it can no longer be changed.

Public, private, hybrid and consortia blockchains

Public Blockchain

A public blockchain is open to anyone who wishes to participate. Anyone can join the network, validate transactions or create new blocks. Bitcoin and Ethereum are examples of public blockchains. These blockchains are decentralized, which means there is no single entity or organization that controls the entire network.



  • Decentralization: no single entity is in control.
  • Transparency: all transactions are visible to everyone.
  • Speed and scale: scalability issues and slow transactions.
  • Privacy: all transactions are public.

Private Blockchain

A private blockchain is controlled by a single entity or organization. Only authorized individuals or organizations can participate in the network, and transactions are private. Private blockchains are ideal for companies that want to take advantage of blockchain but need to control who can access the data. An example of a private blockchain is Hyperledger Fabric.



  • Efficiency: faster transactions.
  • Privacy: only authorized participants can see transactions.
  • Centralization: a single entity or organization is in control.
  • Lack of transparency: all transactions are not visible to everyone.

Blockchain Consortium

A blockchain consortium is a network controlled by a group of collaborating companies or entities. This model combines aspects of both public and private blockchains. An example of a consortium blockchain is Quorum.



  • Democratization of control: there is no single entity in control.
  • Efficiency: transactions can be processed faster than in a public blockchain.
  • Limited participation: only consortium organizations can participate.
  • Compromise on transparency: all transactions are not visible to everyone.

Hybrid Blockchains

Hybrid blockchains combine the features of public and private blockchains. This allows organizations to have a private part for confidential transactions and a public part for transparent transactions. An example of a hybrid blockchain is Dragonchain.



  • Flexibility: offers the features of both public and private blockchains.
  • Privacy and transparency: allows for privacy where needed, but also offers transparency.
  • Complexity: can be more difficult to implement and manage than other types of blockchain.

In conclusion, the type of blockchain that is right for you or your organization depends on your specific requirements in terms of privacy, speed, control and transparency.

Examples of Blockchain

Blockchain, or blockchain, is a type of technology, not a specific product or service. This means that there are many different blockchains, each with its own unique features and functionality. Some of the best known are Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin and many others.

How many blockchains exist?

There are thousands of different blockchains. Some of the most famous include Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple and Litecoin. Each of these blockchains has unique features and functions, but they all share the basic concept of being a distributed digital ledger.

The blockchain concept was born in 2008 with Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency. Satoshi Nakamoto, the anonymous creator of Bitcoin, introduced the concept of blockchain to enable secure, decentralized and transparent digital transactions. Bitcoin’s success has led many developers to create their own blockchains, often with very different goals and characteristics from those of Bitcoin.

Ethereum, for example, is a blockchain created in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin. Unlike Bitcoin, which is primarily a cryptocurrency, Ethereum is designed to be a platform for “smart contracts,” which allow the creation of decentralized applications (dApps). This has paved the way for a wide variety of blockchain applications that go far beyond simple digital currency transactions.

Ripple is another popular blockchain, known for its digital payment system and XRP cryptocurrency. Ripple is designed to be used primarily by banks and financial institutions for fast and low-cost transactions.

Litecoin is another example of a blockchain, created in 2011 by Charlie Lee as “silver” compared to Bitcoin’s “gold.” It is similar to Bitcoin in many ways, but has some key differences, such as faster transaction times.

In addition to these, there are thousands of other blockchains with a wide range of functions, from storing data to creating secure digital identities. Some of these blockchains are private, meaning that access and use is limited to a specific group of users.

Are all blockchains public?

No, not all blockchains are public. There are also private blockchains, where access and use are limited to a specific group of users. Private blockchains are often used by companies and organizations that want to take advantage of the benefits of blockchain, but also maintain some degree of control over the system.

So, to answer your question: no, there is not just one blockchain. There are many blockchains, each with its own unique functions, goals and communities. However, they all share some key characteristics: they are decentralized, transparent and secure, making them a powerful tool for a wide range of digital applications.

Useful Resources


Original whitepapers on Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin.

Bitcoin WhitepaperLinkThe original paper written by Satoshi Nakamoto introducing the concept of Bitcoin and blockchain technology.
Ethereum WhitepaperLinkIntroductory paper on Ethereum, a blockchain platform that supports smart contracts. Written by Vitalik Buterin.
Ripple WhitepaperLinkIntroductory paper on Ripple, a blockchain designed for fast financial transactions.
Litecoin WhitepaperLinkThe official website of Litecoin, an early alternative to Bitcoin, provides details about its blockchain.


Interesting readings on the topic of blockchain.

Blockchain Basics: A Non-Technical Introduction in 25 StepsLinkA book by Daniel Drescher that offers a non-technical introduction to blockchain in 25 steps.
Blockchain RevolutionLinkA book by Don Tapscott and Alex Tapscott that explores how blockchain will change business and society.
Introduction to Blockchain and Cryptocurrency: OverviewLinkA guide from Investopedia that provides an introduction to blockchain and cryptocurrency.
Blockchain and Cryptocurrency ExplainedLinkAn online course offered by Coursera that provides a comprehensive introduction to blockchain and cryptocurrencies.
Blockchain Technology Explained: Powering BitcoinLinkA YouTube video explaining how the blockchain technology that powers Bitcoin works.

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